The "Pineywoods" represent the forested eastern edge of Texas along with
the the ecologically-similar forests of adjacent northwestern and
central Louisiana. Markedly different from most of Texas, tall stands of
pines and broad-leaved deciduous trees cover much of the gently rolling
landscape. There is a rich variety of natural habitats: dry sandy upland
pine-oak communities, remnants of once-extensive longleaf pine
woodlands, pine-deciduous mixed forests, vast "bottomland hardwood"
forests on the floodplains of the region's numerous rivers, baldcypress
swamps, and much more. The climate is warm and humid; some areas
experience as much as 50" (1270 mm) of rainfall a year. Timber,poultry,
and ranching are some important local industries and much of the
Pineywoods remains relatively free from urbanization. Public lands such
as Kisatchie National Forest (Louisiana), the National Forests &
Grasslands of Texas, and the Big Thicket National Preserve enable one to
easily explore the rich and varied flora which includes more than 2100
species. In this gallery you will find pictures of native and
naturalized vascular plants from this fascinating, and to many, little
known, part of North America. The gallery, a product of more than 18
years of photographic excursions, currently contains 12,492 photographs
representing 1385 and 90 native or naturalized vascular plant and
bryophyte species respectively. This represents well over half of the
total Pineywoods flora. Nearly all species that one likely to encounter
during a typical walk in the woods are represented along with most
habitat-type indicator species. Flowering plant family circumscriptions
follow the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG IV) system (APG 1998, 2003,
2009, 2016). Flowering plant species nomenclature largely follows the
Flora of North America (FNA 1993+) series where possible and USDA PLANTS
for groups not yet published in FNA. Fern and lycophyte nomenclature and
family circumscriptions follow Diggs and Lipscombe (2014). Gymnosperm
nomenclature follows Diggs et al. (2006). Bryophyte nomenclature follows
the Bryophyte Flora of North America website. Diggs et al. (1999) and Correl
and Johnston (1979) were among the many additional sources consulted for
taxonomy and species identification.
Currently one may browse by botanical family names within each of the
major groups of plants. Click the "Browse the Gallery" link
The gallery aims to connect students, laymen, and professionals with
the plants that are the foundation of both the ecosystems and economy
of east Texas.
29 December 2021: Version 21.12. Added a net of 41 images and two
new species. Created a new gallery containing specimens from the SFASU Biology greenhouse
collection: Find it under "Links".
17 August 2021: Version 21.08. Added a net of 201 images and 9
new species; Pineywoods Plants now has 12,492 images.
27 August 2020: Version 20.08. Added a net of 860 images and revised
the nomenclature for certain taxa; Pineywoods Plants now has 12,291
images. Many revisions and additions focussed on the Eudicots and were
in parallel with the writing of Part 1 (Eudicotyledons, Magnoliids
& Nymphaeiids) of a new flora manual for the region entitled
"Plants of the Pineywoods of east Texas and west Louisiana".
Illustrated by local artist Bruce Lyndon Cunningham
we expect publication (Bruce Lybdon Cunningham Productions,
Nacogdoches, TX) sometime in 2021!
30 October 2018: Version 18.10. A major update. With a net gain of
1,894 images including 53 new taxa -the most added to the collection
at any one time- Pineywoods Plants now has 11,431 photos and many
species are represented by more than 10 images. Fern family
circumscriptions & species nomenclature now follow "The Ferns
& Lycophytes of Texas" (Diggs & Lipscombe 2014). We also fixed
html errors, improved window behavior and refreshed the color scheme.
26 October 2017: Version 17.10 (2002-2017). After going 'dark'
following the loss of our server 'src.sfasu.edu' we are back with the
15th Aniversary Edition of Pineywoods Plants! Please update links
& bookmarks to the new address as it is uncertain how long the
redirect will last. For this edition we've added 670 new images
including 18 new species. We also now have a
and no longer depend on just one server!
20 February 2016: Version 16.02. Added a net (after culls) of 709 new
images taken in 2014, 2015, and 2016. Corrected errors, and rearranged
the monocot families to follow the APG III system.
10 April 2014: Version 14.04. A minor update with several corrections
and the net addition 262 images.
29 September 2013: Version 13.09. A major update for the bryophyte
glleries thanks in large part to the contributions of Kiel Kietlinski.
Also added and culled vascular plant images for a gain of 1,460
images, including 278 new bryophyte photos.
31 August 2012: Version 12.08. Tenth Aniversary Edition! I'ts hard to
believe that Pineywoods Plants is 10 years old. With this update we
corrected several errors and added and culled images for a net gain of
1336. The gallery now stands at 6,374 images representing 1,167
vascular plant species and 42 bryophyte taxa native or naturalized to
the Texas Pineywoods.
13 October 2010: Version 10.10. The collection now largely follows the
APG system for circumscription of the families. 43 new images were
added including several new species.
08 June 2010: Version 10.06. The galleries have been redesigned and we
added 974 new images and culled 275. There are now 5,036 pictures.
14 May 2008: A new web showing local forest ecosystem types of the
Pineywoods was added. See links.
01 April 2008: Version 8.04 is here! More than 1 year of "shooting"
has allowed us to add and cull for a net gain of 807 images and a
total of 4,337. The excellent thesis work of Melia Huston provided the
addition of 208 images of mosses, liverworts and hornworts. We changed
the gallery name to reflect the inclusion of these non-vascular
07 December 2006: We both added and culled images resulting in a net
gain of 423 photographs. Spelling and taxonomic errors were corrected.
Two small galleries of plants from the Texas coast and the Trans-Pecos
region of west Texas were launched.
25 April 2006: The gallery now includes 3107 images representing
nearly half of the native and naturalized species of the pineywoods.
30 April 2004: We added new photos and removed low-quality ones. There
are now more than 2,500 images. One can now browse large or small
July 13 2003: We now have nearly 2,000 photos!
January 15 2002: The Pineywoods Vascular Plant gallery was launched!
Currently we have about 900 images and will be adding more soon.